Cairo is simply the largest city in Africa and the Arab world. It is also one of the most interesting cities to explore all over the globe. The Egyptian capital for more around 1000 years, Cairo is in fact the gate to Egypt and most important political, commercial, cultural, and economic hub in the region.
The History and Establishment of Cairo
The very establishment ever founded in Cairo was the ancient town of Iunu, founded during the reign of the Old Kingdom, which was a sacred city mentioned in many ancient Egyptian historical records. Ruins of this ancient town is now located in Eastern Cairo.
When the Romans conquered Egypt, they built the famous Babylon Fortress in the 2nd century AD. Afterwards, Roman Emperor Arcadius reconstructed the fortress in the 4th century AD. In fact, the fortress is still situated in Coptic Cairo today.
However, it was the Fatimids who established Cairo, or Al Qahera, that we know today. When the Fatimids, with their Sultan Al Moez Le Din Allah, and their army commander, Gawhar El Siqly, took control of Egypt established Cairo in 969 AD. 100 years afterwards, Badr Al Gamaly, the new Fatimid army commander, constructed the famous fortified walls and gates of Cairo.
With several dynasties, sultans, and kings, Cairo remained as the capital of Egypt decades afterwards.
The Location of Cairo
Cairo is located at the end of the River Valley just before the Nile Delta. This strategic location enabled Cairo to plays its role perfectly. The term Greater Cairo is actually a combination of three governorates Cairo, Giza, and Qalyubia.
Cairo is located around 230 kilometers to the South West of Alexandria, 713 kilometers to the North of Luxor, 875 kilometers to the North of Aswan, and 453 kilometers to the North East of Hurghada.
What is interesting to do and explore in Cairo?
Included in many travel packages to Egypt, there are plentiful of quite interesting things to do and explore in Cairo. While in the Egyptian capital, tourists should never miss the chance to visit the Giza Pyramids, Saqqara necropolis, the open-air museum of Memphis, Coptic Cairo, Islamic Cairo, Saladin Citadel, the Egyptian Museum, and Khan El Khalili.
Travelers should also experience the nightlife of Cairo. Going on a dinner Nile cruise is an amazing opportunity. They should also go and explore Cairo by themselves to have a taste of the Egyptian culture.