Saqqara is factually one of the most interesting and rich ancient Egyptian archeological sites in the land of the Nile. The area is still witnessing discoveries Until today. Many tourists who visit Egypt explore the wonders of Saqqara including the famous step pyramid of Djoser.
Historians assert that nobles were buried in Saqqara beginning of the presynaptic period. It was during the ruling period of the kings of the 5th and 6th dynasties, more than 3500 years ago, when Saqqara really flourished. The Step Pyramid of Djoser in Saqqara was the first proper pyramid to be constructed in ancient Egypt. It was during the 27th century BC, more than 4500 years ago, when King Djoser, who ruled Egypt from 2665 till 2645 BC and was the second king in the 3rd dynasty of ancient Egypt, commissioned his favorite architect; Amenhotep to build his funerary pyramid and temple.
Saqqara is situated around 35 kilometers toward the southwest of the focal point of the city of Cairo, the Egyptian capital. This glorious Pharaonic antiquated necropolis is likewise arranged close to numerous other intriguing verifiable destinations including the Pyramids of Giza, the Pyramids of Dahshur, and the old city of Memphis.
The Step Pyramid of Saqqara consists of six layers, or Mastaba built one on the other. The pyramid is around 62 meters in height. The base of the pyramid is 109 X 125 meters and the whole structure was covered with white limestone but all this outer cast was removed with years passing by this magnificent structure. There is the tomb of Mereruka who was a Vizier in the reign of King Teti. The tomb entrance is in its Southern section which features a scene of the deceased sitting in his official chair.
In the Western section of the Saqqara necropolis, there is the Serapuem which is the tomb of the sacred god Apis, the Ram god. This necropolis consists of underground chambers where the mummies of the Abis god were buried. Another interesting pyramid in Saqqara is the Pyramid of Unas which was constructed by Unas, the last king of the 5th dynasty of ancient Egypt in the 23rd century BC. Another interesting section to check out while in Saqqara is the Museum of Imhotep. Established in 2006, this museum is dedicated to the famous genus architect of ancient Egypt.