Alexandria is actually the most ancient city in Egypt that still preserves its original name and location. Established in the 4th century BC by Alexander the Great, Alexandria has always been a city with a special type of magic and wonders.
Serving as the capital of Egypt for centuries, Alexandria represents a marvelous unique blend of several cultures, tastes, and experiences that are quite hard to be found anywhere else around Egypt.
The History and Establishment of Alexandria
When Alexander the Great took control of Egypt in the fourth century BC, he was asked to travel to the Temple of the Oracle in Siwa to obtain the approval of the gods to rule Egypt. On his way, he fell in love with a piece of land where the ruins of the ancient lighthouse were located. He decided to establish Alexandria in 331 BC.
Soon afterwards, Alexandria, during the ruling period of the Ptolemies, became the most important cultural, economic, and political center in the region. Alexandria served as the capital of Egypt for hundreds of years and is still a charming city until today.
The Location of Alexandria
Alexandria is located in Northern coast of Egypt, on the shores of the Mediterranean Sea, at the Western edge of the Nile Delta. The strategic location enabled Alexandria to be an important commercial center for Egypt with several ports serving the needs of the Mediterranean Sea.
Alexandria is located around 230 kilometers to the North West of Cairo, around 900 kilometers to the North West of Luxor, and around 296 kilometers to the coastal city of Marsa Matrouh.
Interesting places and things to do in Alexandria
Tourists usually visit Alexandria for one or two days as part of their Egypt travel packages. However, the jewel of the Mediterranean Sea has a lot to offer to visitors from all over the world.
The most interesting monuments in Alexandria include the Qaitbay Fortress, the Greco Roman Amphitheatre, the only of its kind in Egypt, the Montazah Complex and gardens, the Catacombs of Kom Al Shoqqafa, the Library of Alexandria, the Greco Roman Museum, and many other exciting monuments.