Several Christian monuments are located in what is named Coptic Cairo which is, in fact, the oldest section constructed in the city of Cairo we know today. This was the location of the famous Babylon Fortress. The ruins of this fortress were used to construct a number of monuments in Coptic Cairo like the Hanging Church.
Egyptian Copts, since the spread of Christianity in Egypt, have constructed many wonderful churches, monasteries, different chapels, and various constructions. Christianity was known in Egypt in the middle of the 1st century when Saint Marcos traveled to Alexandria. The first church to be established in Egypt was constructed in 65 AD. Today many travelers who tour Egypt would love to explore the Christian monuments of Egypt.
The Copts of Egypt witnessed a great deal of brutality during the 3rd century AD by the Romans who tortured and killed many of them. Christians began at the end of the 4th century to resort to isolated regions in Egypt and this created the monastic community in the land of the Nile.
There are many magnificent monuments in Coptic Cairo. The most interesting is the Hanging Church. This church was constructed as early as the 4th century AD. However, it witnessed many restorations and renovations for centuries to come. The church is located at the heart of Coptic Cairo over two ancient towers of the Babylon Fort. The Church consists of two floors. Guests who travel to Egypt reach the Hanging Church through a set of stairs after passing a charming fountain. The Church was constructed in the popular style of Byzantine Basilica.
There is also the Ben Ezra synagogue. This structure was actually a Christian church that was built in the 8th century. During the 11th century, the church was destroyed. Ben Ezra, a Jewish Rabbi who came from Jerusalem and lived in Egypt the piece of land where the ancient church was located constructed this Jewish Temple.
Coptic Cairo's Church of Saint Barbra is another magnificent example of a historically significant Christian building in Egypt. The church bears the name of a fourth-century martyr who was put to death by her father for wishing to become a Christian. The Church of Saint Barbra was constructed in the 11th century on the ruins of a much older church that was claimed to be built in the 4th or 5th century.